This museum is located in the former Moncada Barracks, a military fortification which came under attack on 26 July 1953 by a group of young revolutionaries led by Fidel Castro Ruz. This event launched the final stage of the struggle for the country's freedom. The museum exhibits some of the revolutionaries' personal belongings, some of the weaponry used and photographs of the historical event, as well as a valuable coin collection.
The construction of this house dates back to 1515 and it is therefore thought to be the oldest building in Cuba. In the 16th century it was a trading house and was subsequently used for the establishment of a gold and silver foundry. The walls, ceilings, some of the doors and the furnace are original. It now houses the Museum of Cuban History, displaying furniture and domestic items dating from the 16th to the 19th century.
This is one of the continent's oldest cathedrals, the seat of the fourth bishopric of America, although the building that it currently occupies was built in 1922, thus reflecting the eclectic style of architecture. One of its sides houses the Ecclesiastical Museum, with a valuable collection of furniture, paintings and sacred artefacts.
This venue is one of the symbols of Santiago de Cuba, where traditional rhythms such as the trova, bolero and son were born. Situated in a large house on the calle Heredia, very close to the Parque Céspedes, it is the meeting place for 'trovadores', both old and new. Considered one of the most important cultural institutions in Cuba, it preserves a musical movement that is deeply-rooted in the traditions of Santiago and forms an integral part of the city's life.
This is undoubtedly one of the city's most well-known streets. It offers an excellent natural viewing point and is the only stepped street in Cuba. It also marks the boundary between the upper and lower areas of Santiago de Cuba and leads down to the Tivolí district, the finest stage for the famous Santiago carnival.
One of the city's most famous popular celebrations, the carnival originated as a religious procession organised by the church authorities every 25th of July, in honour of St James the Apostle. Their Spanish, African and Franco-Haitian roots distinguish the Santiago carnivals from those held in the rest of the country and that is why there is a museum dedicated to them. In Santiago, festivals are a part of life.
Every night, the Santiago Tropicana cabaret offers its performance "Viaje al Caribe" (a Journey to the Caribbean), which narrates the history of the people of Santiago, the most Caribbean city in Cuba, where one can feel the influence of Haiti and its voodoo religion and French customs, Dominican Republic and its merengue, Jamaica and its reggae and Puerto Rico among others. This modern facility has been elegantly decorated with traditional elements that blend-in with the lush natural vegetation surrounding the area.
Founded in 1868, the Santa Ifigenia Cemetery contains one of the most important funeral monuments in Latin America and the Caribbean: the mausoleum to our National Hero, Jose Mart. The remains of the Father of Our Homeland, Carlos Manuel de Céspedes are also buried here.
The Great National Park, covering around 38,000 hectares across the provinces of Granma, Santiago de Cuba and Guantánamo. This is not only the site of the highest point on the Island, the Pico Turquino (1,974 metres above sea level), but also the peaks of Cuba, Caracas and Magdalena, ideal for mountain climbing. Of particular interest to visitors is the place known as El Saltón-Cedrón, ideal for ecotourism and health tourism.
The basilica of Our Lady of Charity of El Cobre, the Patron Saint of Cuba, can be found 27 km from the city centre, in a mining town founded in 1830. The Basilica stands on a gentle hill and contains display cases with items such as the medal received by the writer Ernest Hemingway on being awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1954. Our Lady of Charity of El Cobre was crowned by Pope John Paul II in 1998, during his visit to Cuba. Every 8th of September, her feast day, thousands of pilgrims come here to give thanks and beg favours of the blessed virgin.
Baracoa was the first settlement founded by the Spanish conquistadors in 1512. This attractive city is located in Guantánamo, the eastern most province of the country that borders Santiago de Cuba. Visitors can enjoy one of the most beautiful natural scenic views in the Caribbean, especially El Yunque Mountain that dominates Baracoa's horizon.